Vincent Phillip Muñoz’s superb new book is an indispensable guide to the issue that will soon replace abortion as the most important point of contention in our constitutional law. The Supreme Court’s decision in Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization will not put an end to legal conflicts over abortion in America. But the biggest fights in that war will now occur in the political branches of our government. Abortion will no longer be the Court’s most pressing and controversial topic. Instead, the relationship between church and state will become the defining concern of a new era in the courts.

The singular value of Religious Liberty and the American Founding: Natural Rights and the Original Meanings of the First Amendment Religion Clauses is that it can help rectify our pervasive ignorance about the First Amendment. Muñoz, the Tocqueville Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Notre Dame, writes in his opening paragraphs that “[i]t is ironic that we so little understand the Founders’ political philosophy of church and state, since originalism has arguably influenced no other area of constitutional law more.” He provides the analysis necessary for a robustly originalist approach to those clauses of the First Amendment that touch upon religion: “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion,

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